The Wasia-Biyadh-Aruma Aquifer System (North) lies on a high plain (400-800 m) that extends across the western Rutba High in Iraq and the Widyan Plain in Saudi Arabia. Also referred to as Sakaka-Rutba, the Wasia-Biyadh- Aruma Aquifer System (North) constitutes an important aquifer system in the area with freshwater flowing through six aquiferous units (Rutba-Ms'ad-Hartha-Tayarat in Iraq and Sakaka-Aruma in Saudi Arabia). Exploitation depth ranges between 200 and 400 m bgl.
The use of this aquifer system is currently limited due to its remoteness and the harsh environment in the area but the towns of Ar'ar and Sakaka in Saudi Arabia and Rutba in Iraq presumably rely on the aquifer system for their water supply. The Wasia-Biyadh-Aruma Aquifer System (North) is a promising aquifer system that could be used to encourage agricultural development in this pediment region, especially around the wadi areas where soils are fertile.
|Riparian Countries||Iraq, Saudi Arabia|
|Alternative Names||Iraq: Rutba-Ms'ad-Hartha-Tayaraty
Saudi Arabia: Wasia Group Sakaka-Aruma
|Renewability||Very low to low (0-20 mm/yr)|
|Hydraulic Linkage with Surface water||Weak|
|Aquifer Type||Unconfined at/near outcrop areas
Confined further away
|Age||Mesozoic (Middle to Late Cretaceous)|
|Lithology||Sandstones, locally calcareous or argillaceous|
|Thickness||Iraq: 250 m
Saudi Arabia: 400 m
|Average Annual Abstraction||≥ 30-35 MCM|
|Water Quality||Fresh to slightly brackish (400-3,000 mg/L TDS)|
|Water Use||Domestic and irrigation|